The ABCs of Vitamins – A Comprehensive Vitamin Guide

Vitamin B6 is a multifunctional vitamin, being utilized in many roles in the human body. The primary role of B6 is the breakdown of proteins into amino acids, which can impact niacin status as Oz Vitamins Better Joints Supplement previously discussed. Vitamin B6 is essential to the human nervous system, as B6 is involved in the synthesis of neurotransmitters, chemical signal hormones, such as serotonin, dopamine and epinephrine. Vitamin B6 is also involved in the production and regulation of steroid hormones.

The process to convert glycogen to glucose occurs during fasting and strenuous exercise. Another important function of B6 is red blood cell formation, particularly the formation of heme, the oxygen carrying component of haemoglobin. Finally, B6 also plays a small role in immune function regulation, a process which is still under investigation. Vitamin B6 is found in many meats, grains, nuts, vegetables, and bananas, and the average adult requires 1.8mg a day to prevent becoming deficient. As vitamin B6 has many functions, being deficient has many symptoms, such as sleeplessness, dermatitis, irritability, and depression.

Folate, also called folacin and folic acid, is another vitamin with many functions throughout the body. Folate is critical to DNA and RNA synthesis and repair, required processes in every cell that actively divides, such as skin, blood cells, intestinal lumen, and sex cells, such as sperm. Folate is especially important to children and women attempting to get pregnant or are pregnant, as there are many repidly dividing cells in need of DNA and RNA. Deficiency during pregnancy leads to neural tube defect and can cause loss of life. Folic acid is the best absorbed and adults should get at least 220 mcg a day, more if trying to conceive. Symptoms of deficiency in adults include anaemia, weakness and depression. A cobalamin deficiency may be masked by a folate deficiency because the same type of anaemia is cause and separate testing must be used to determine the cause. Folate can be found in fruits, veggies, seeds, and legumes

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