A popular crystalline bulking agent made by combining yeast and corn sugar so it ferments and turns into a sugar alcohol. Other common sugar alcohols used as food additives are: Glycerol, Erythritol, Arabitol, HSH, Xylitol, Mannitol, Sorbitol, Isomalt, Maltitol and Lactitol. Unlike other sugar alcohol food additives, Erythritol is much more difficult to digest by Best Natural Sweeteners oral and intestinal bacteria. After traveling through the small intestine erythritol is usually absorbed into the bloodstream undigested and excreted through the urine mostly undigested and unchanged from its original form. It has negligible affect on blood sugar. Overconsumption can result in a laxative effect.
Glucose, Dextrose, D-glucose and Grape Sugar
Glucose is commercially made from starch via enzymatic hydrolysis. Cornstarch is used almost exclusively in the United States. A-Amylase (an enzyme found in plants, animal, bacteria and fungi that breaks starch down into sugar) is added to the cornstarch which converts it to glucose syrup. Next, saccharification (a hydrolysis procedure) converts the glucose syrup into a simple soluble fermentable sugar. It will increase blood sugar levels.
Maltodextrine is a glucose polymer, or a chain of glucose molecules. Maltodextrin is commercially made from starch via enzymatic hydrolysis. In the US, cornstarch is the starch of choice. In Europe, wheat starch is used. Cornstarch and enzymes are combined and through partial hydrolysis is processed into glucose syrup. Next, saccharification (a hydrolysis procedure) is used until complex glucose chains are broken down into fermentable sugars, mainly maltose. Maltodextrin is easily digestible but takes slightly longer to digest than glucose. It will increase blood sugar levels.
Isomaltulose is manufactured by combining bacteria and sucrose until it ferments making a syrup similar to honey. Isomaltulose is absorbed by the small intestine just like glucose (sugar) and fructose. It produces low-glycemic and low-insulinemic results. Isomaltulose is not suitable for people with an intolerance to fructose or sucrose.
DO STEVIA SUPPLEMENTS CONTAIN BULKING AGENTS?
In contrast to Stevia sweeteners, Stevia supplements often don’t include bulking agents. The two I did find in Stevia supplements are natural, minimally processed, and considered healthy. Neither agent causes a rise in blood sugar, they are not fermented, and they aren’t known allergens. In fact, both bulking agents below are themselves health supplements that can be purchased separately to aid in digestion and elimination.